Non-surgical Treatment for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
Maintaining a healthy body weight, doing suitable exercises and staying active, using walking support, using heat packs or ice packs for pain and inflammation relief.
This will help to improve the strength, flexibility and stability of your spine. It also increases your sense of balance.
This is usually a variety of pain relief medication ranging from over-the-counter ones to prescription ones.
In cases of severe pain, certain medicines can be directly injected into the spine, such as epidural, corticosteroid/cortisone injections. These produce an anaesthetic and long-lasting effect.
Suitable only in lumbar stenosis, fine instruments are used to remove a part of a thickened ligament in order to increase the space in the spinal canal and relieve pressure.
Surgery for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
Should all the above fail to treat the spinal stenosis effectively, surgery will be recommended. Typically, surgery to treat spinal stenosis comes with the purpose of reducing the pressure exerted on the spinal cord and nerve roots.
Depending on the type of surgery, this can be achieved through minimally invasive methods as well. Some common surgical procedures for lumbar spinal stenosis include:
Here, the surgeon removes a portion of the lamina, the bony arch of the vertebrae, and a thickened tissue to create more space within the spinal canal. Laminectomy can relieve the pressure on the spinal cord and nerves, reducing pain and improving mobility.
This involves fusing two or more vertebrae together using bone grafts to form a single, firm bone structure. In some cases, spinal fusion may be recommended to relieve nerve compression and restore spinal stability.